All illustrations by Mike Langman
1. Sand martin Riparia riparia
Migrant; early March. Lakes, gravel pits and rivers. Our smallest ‘swallow’, brown above with brown breast band.
2. Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Migrant; mid-March onwards. Gravel pits and brownfield sites with pebbly areas. Neat plover with pale eye-ring.
3. Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Migrants arrive early March; some birds also overwinter. Woods and scrub. Paler legs than willow warbler.
4. Garganey Anas querquedula
Migrant; mid-March onwards. Lakes, shallow pools and floods. Male has white eyestripe; female is like teal.
5. Redshank Tringa totanus
Resident; heads inland to uplands and wet meadows. Wader with bright orange-red legs and white rump.
6. Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Migrant; early March. Areas of short turf, especially by coast. Male has dark mask and grey back; female sandier.
7. Curlew Numenius arquata
Resident; moves inland to moors and boggy uplands. Our largest wader, with long, curved bill and white rump.
8. Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Migrant; from late March. Appears on rough grassland, especially on hilltops. Like blackbird, with pale bib.
9. Meadow pipit Anthus pratensis
Resident; heads inland to uplands and moors. Streaky brown bird with jerky gait. Often gives ‘seep’ calls in flight.
10. Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria
Resident; returns to breed on boggy moors. Golden-brown above, paler below; in spring acquires black belly.
11. Sandwich tern Sterna sandvicensis
Migrant; mid-March onwards. Most records are along sandy coasts. Our largest tern, with shaggy black crest.
12. Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Resident; moves to uplands and inland rivers. Stocky, black and white wader with orange bill. Often gives ‘kleep’ calls.