All illustrations by Felicity Rose Cole
1. Traveller’s joy Clematis vitalba (above)
Huge ropes ascend into branches; feathery plumes on seed-heads. Limestone or chalky soils.
2. Butcher’s broom Ruscus aculeatus
Greenish flowers and red berries; ‘leaves’ are modified stems. Mainly in southern and western woods.
3. Mistletoe Viscum album
White berries and oval, evergreen leaves. Mainly in south and west, along wood-edges and in orchards.
4. Common polypody Polypodium vulgare
One of three similar species, all with lobed fronds and clusters of orange spores on underside. Widespread.
5. Hart’s tongue fern Phyllitis scolopendrium
Leathery, strap-like fronds, with parallel rows of spores underneath. Mainly west and north; rarer in east.
6. Hard fern Blechnum spicant
Two frond types: sterile are broad and lobed; spore-bearing are narrow and comb-like. Mainly on acid soils.
7. Coral spot fungus nectria cinnabarina
Bright orange or pink polka-dot pustules. Widespread everywhere on smaller branches and twigs.
8. King Alfred’s cakes Daldinia concentrica
Blackish fruiting bodies; when sliced reveals concentric rings. On tree trunks, especially ash and beech.
9. Many-zoned polypore Trametes versicolor
Banded brackets with pale edges; fresh brackets often purplish ‘bloom’. Common on rotting logs.
10. Large white-moss Leucobryum glaucum
Forms large tufts of whitish-green leaves, paler when dry. Woods with little ground cover, especially beech.
11. Capillary thread-moss Bryum capillare
Leaves are oval with hair-like tips; drooping, cylindrical spore capsules. One of our most common mosses.
12. Rough-stalked feather-moss Brachythecium rutabulum
Forms feathery cushions and mats; egg-shaped leaves. Very common.