Illustration by Dawn Cooper
1. Hawaiian hoary bat, Koke’e State Park, Kauai
Experts believe that Hawaii’s only endemic terrestrial mammal must have been blown over from either North or South America, where it is known simply as the hoary bat.
2. Manta ray, Olowalu, Maui
Manta ray © Dave Fleetham / Getty
Olowalu Reef has a cleaning station visited by 350 filter-feeding elasmobranchs. The Hawaii Association for Marine Education and Research is campaigning for better protection for these gentle giants.
3. I’iwi, Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge
I’iwi © Danita Delimont / Getty
The I’iwi, or Hawaiian honeycreeper, is just one of at least 51 honeycreepers that evolved from a single ancestor between four and five million years ago – and may be the most spectacular of them all.
4. Néné, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park
Néné © Luis Castaneda, Inc. / Getty
Reduced to a population of about 30 in the 1950s, the Néné, or Hawaiian goose, has recovered thanks to captive breeding. Look for it in the parking lot of the Jaggar Museum or at the Volcano Golf and Country Club.
5. Hawaiian monk seal, O’ahu
Hawaiian monk seal © Mint Images, Frans Lanting / Getty
A remote beach on O’ahu is as good a place as any to try to see this endangered endemic mammal, though the largest population (up to 800) is in the distant and rarely visited northwestern Hawaiian islands.
6. Spinner dolphins, La Perouse Bay, Maui
Spinner dolphin © Dave Fleetham / Getty
Known for their amazing breaches, spinner dolphins are usually found out to sea, but in Hawaii they come quite close to the shore.