Along with 26 species of mammal, including the elusive puma, Torres del Paine in Patagonia is home to at least 115 bird species and an array of unique plants. But be aware – accessing this flora and fauna is no mean feat and can involve traversing a rugged (but breathtaking) landscape in highly capricious and windy weather conditions.


Puma, Puma concolor

Puma in Torres del Paine National Park, Patagonia, Chile. Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia, Chile. © Ignacio Palacios/Getty
Puma in Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. © Ignacio Palacios/Getty

Though not strictly a big cat, this predator – which can grow to nearly 2m long and over 100kg – is both impressive and elusive, and known as the ‘ghost cat’. The population density in Patagonia is among the highest, and this park offers relatively reliable sightings.


Guanaco, Lama guanicoe

Guanaco in Torres del Paine, National Park, Patagonia, Chile. © Anton Petrus/Getty
Guanaco in Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. © Anton Petrus/Getty

Believed to be the wild ancestor of the domesticated llama, the guanaco is a hardy camelid that grazes and browses Andean foothills and slopes up to 4,250m altitude. Far from camera-shy, the park’s 3,000 or so guanacos can be seen migrating in groups.


Other highlights

Andean Condor in Patagonia. © Pablo Cersosimo/Getty
Andean condor in Patagonia. © Pablo Cersosimo/Getty

Spot Andean condor, Vultur gryphus, soaring thermals among the high peaks, watch for ostrich-like Darwin’s rhea, Rhea pennata, and admire the vivid scarlet flowers of the Chilean firetree, Embothrium coccineum, in spring. If you’re really fortunate you might spot a ‘huemul’, an endangered south Andean deer.

Key facts

  • Area: 2,273km2
  • Highest peak: 2,884m
  • Area of Grey Glacier: 270km2

When to go 

Weather in Patagonia is notoriously fickle at any time. November-March (summer) is best for hiking, while June-August can offer good sightings of pumas hunting the guanacos that gather in large herds in winter.

Go there with


Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia, Chile. © Alexandr Berdicevschi/Getty


Jo PriceDeputy editor, BBC Wildlife Magazine